History And Archeology In Osimo
Say yes to 2500 years of history in a breath.
The hill where Osimo rises was contested by many population: from Piceni to Greco Siculi, from Galli Senoni to Romani. Thanks to his strategical position, it became an important roman colony, the ancient Auximum, controlling the transit streets between hinterland and sea. It kept his hegemony during the medieval age and, only when it divide itself in Guelfi and Ghibelini, it pass under control of Signorie Malatesta of Rimini, then of Francesco Sforza.
It became a free district, after the tyranny of Boccolino Da Guzzone and then it fell under the Papal States. Submitted by Napoleon’s French in 700’s, in 800’s it played a fundamental role in preparing events that brought to the battle of the near Castelfidardo to the conquest of Italy’s unity. After the two world wars, the city became famous for the Osimo’s treaty, signed secretly on 10 november 1975 in Villa Leopardi Dittajuti’s arms room, to definite the borders between Italy and Jugoslavia.